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Verse (13:43), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar

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The eighth word of verse (13:43) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)


(13:43:8)
bil-lahi
(is) Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (13:43)

The analysis above refers to the 43rd verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: And those who have disbelieved say, "You are not a messenger." Say, [O Muhammad], "Sufficient is Allah as Witness between me and you, and [the witness of] whoever has knowledge of the Scripture."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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