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Verse (13:31), Word 16 - Quranic Grammar


The sixteenth word of verse (13:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)

with Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (13:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: And if there was any qur'an by which the mountains would be removed or the earth would be broken apart or the dead would be made to speak, [it would be this Qur'an], but to Allah belongs the affair entirely. Then have those who believed not accepted that had Allah willed, He would have guided the people, all of them? And those who disbelieve do not cease to be struck, for what they have done, by calamity - or it will descend near their home - until there comes the promise of Allah. Indeed, Allah does not fail in [His] promise.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds