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Verse (12:85), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (12:85) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition ta is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:85:2)
tal-lahi
"By Allah,
P – prefixed preposition ta (oath)
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (12:85)

The analysis above refers to the 85th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: They said, "By Allah , you will not cease remembering Joseph until you become fatally ill or become of those who perish."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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