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Verse (12:80), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar

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The ninth word of verse (12:80) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:80:9)
taʿlamū
you know
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (12:80)

The analysis above refers to the 80th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: So when they had despaired of him, they secluded themselves in private consultation. The eldest of them said, "Do you not know that your father has taken upon you an oath by Allah and [that] before you failed in [your duty to] Joseph? So I will never leave [this] land until my father permits me or Allah decides for me, and He is the best of judges.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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