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Verse (12:52), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (12:52) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A particle of purpose and verb. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:52:2)
liyaʿlama
he may know
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (12:52)

The analysis above refers to the 52nd verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: That is so al-'Azeez will know that I did not betray him in [his] absence and that Allah does not guide the plan of betrayers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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