The fourth word of verse (12:4) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza bā wāw (أ ب و). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the fourth
verse of chapter 12 (sūrat
Sahih International: [Of these stories mention] when Joseph said to his father, "O my father, indeed I have seen [in a dream] eleven stars and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating to me."
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