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Verse (12:40), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (12:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:40:2)
taʿbudūna
you worship
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (12:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: You worship not besides Him except [mere] names you have named them, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. Legislation is not but for Allah. He has commanded that you worship not except Him. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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