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Verse (12:39), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (12:39) is divided into 2 morphological segments. An interrogative alif and noun. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The indefinite noun is masculine plural and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:39:3)
a-arbābun
Are lords
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
N – nominative masculine plural indefinite noun
الهمزة همزة استفهام
اسم مرفوع

Verse (12:39)

The analysis above refers to the 39th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: O [my] two companions of prison, are separate lords better or Allah , the One, the Prevailing?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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