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Verse (12:32), Word 16 - Quranic Grammar

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The sixteenth word of verse (12:32) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix, verb and emphatic suffix. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The passive imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is sīn jīm nūn (س ج ن). The suffixed emphatic particle is known as the nūn of emphasis (نون التوكيد).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:32:16)
layus'jananna
surely, he will be imprisoned
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive imperfect verb
EMPH – emphatic suffix nūn
اللام لام التوكيد
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول والنون للتوكيد

Verse (12:32)

The analysis above refers to the 32nd verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: She said, "That is the one about whom you blamed me. And I certainly sought to seduce him, but he firmly refused; and if he will not do what I order him, he will surely be imprisoned and will be of those debased."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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