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Verse (11:68), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (11:68) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (11) sūrat hūd (Hud)


(11:68:12)
lithamūda
with Thamud.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Thamud
جار ومجرور

Verse (11:68)

The analysis above refers to the 68th verse of chapter 11 (sūrat hūd):

Sahih International: As if they had never prospered therein. Unquestionably, Thamud denied their Lord; then, away with Thamud.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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