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Verse (10:5), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar

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The tenth word of verse (10:5) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A particle of purpose, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (10) sūrat yūnus (Jonah)


(10:5:10)
litaʿlamū
that you may know
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (10:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 10 (sūrat yūnus):

Sahih International: It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases - that you may know the number of years and account [of time]. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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