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Verse (81:15) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (81) sūrat l-takwīr (The Overthrowing)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(81:15:1)
falā
But nay!
REM – prefixed resumption particle
NEG – negative particle
الفاء استئنافية
حرف نفي
(81:15:2)
uq'simu
I swear
V – 1st person singular (form IV) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(81:15:3)
bil-khunasi
by the retreating planets,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور
(81:16:1)
al-jawāri
Those that run
ADJ – genitive feminine plural active participle
صفة مجرورة
(81:16:2)
l-kunasi
(and) disappear,
ADJ – genitive masculine plural adjective
صفة مجرورة
(81:17:1)
wa-al-layli
And the night
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive masculine noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور
(81:17:2)
idhā
when
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(81:17:3)
ʿasʿasa
it departs,
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(81:18:1)
wal-ṣub'ḥi
And the dawn
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive masculine noun → Dawn
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور
(81:18:2)
idhā
when
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(81:18:3)
tanaffasa
it breathes
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form V) perfect verb
فعل ماض
(81:19:1)
innahu
Indeed, it
ACC – accusative particle
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
حرف نصب والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب اسم «ان»
(81:19:2)
laqawlu
(is) surely a word
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
N – nominative masculine verbal noun
اللام لام التوكيد
اسم مرفوع
(81:19:3)
rasūlin
(of) a Messenger
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(81:19:4)
karīmin
noble,
ADJ – genitive masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة مجرورة
(81:20:1)
dhī
Possessor of
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(81:20:2)
quwwatin
power,
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(81:20:3)
ʿinda
with
LOC – accusative location adverb
ظرف مكان منصوب
(81:20:4)
dhī
(the) Owner of
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(81:20:5)
l-ʿarshi
the Throne
N – genitive masculine noun → Allah's Throne
اسم مجرور
(81:20:6)
makīnin
secure,
ADJ – genitive masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة مجرورة
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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