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Verse (7:160) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(7:160:1)
waqaṭṭaʿnāhumu
And We divided them
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 1st person plural (form II) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
الواو استئنافية
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(7:160:2)
ith'natay
(into) two
N – accusative feminine dual noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:3)
ʿashrata
(and) ten [i.e. twelve]
N – accusative feminine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:4)
asbāṭan
tribes
N – accusative masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:5)
umaman
(as) communities.
N – accusative feminine plural indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:6)
wa-awḥaynā
And We inspired
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 1st person plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:160:7)
ilā
to
P – preposition
حرف جر
(7:160:8)
mūsā
Musa,
PN – genitive masculine proper noun → Musa
اسم علم مجرور
(7:160:9)
idhi
when
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(7:160:10)
is'tasqāhu
asked him for water
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form X) perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(7:160:11)
qawmuhu
his people,
N – nominative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(7:160:12)
ani
[that]
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(7:160:13)
iḍ'rib
"Strike
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperative verb
فعل أمر
(7:160:14)
biʿaṣāka
with your staff
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(7:160:15)
l-ḥajara
the stone."
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:16)
fa-inbajasat
Then gushed forth
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form VII) perfect verb
الفاء سببية
فعل ماض
(7:160:17)
min'hu
from it
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:160:18)
ith'natā
two
N – accusative feminine dual noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:19)
ʿashrata
(and) ten [i.e. twelve]
N – accusative feminine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:20)
ʿaynan
springs.
N – accusative feminine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:21)
qad
Certainly,
CERT – particle of certainty
حرف تحقيق
(7:160:22)
ʿalima
knew
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(7:160:23)
kullu
each
N – nominative masculine noun
اسم مرفوع
(7:160:24)
unāsin
people
N – genitive masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(7:160:25)
mashrabahum
their drinking place.
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(7:160:26)
waẓallalnā
And We shaded
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 1st person plural (form II) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:160:27)
ʿalayhimu
[on] them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:160:28)
l-ghamāma
(with) the clouds
N – accusative masculine noun → Cloud
اسم منصوب
(7:160:29)
wa-anzalnā
and We sent down
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 1st person plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:160:30)
ʿalayhimu
upon them,
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:160:31)
l-mana
the manna
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:160:32)
wal-salwā
and the quails.
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – accusative masculine noun → Quail
الواو عاطفة
اسم منصوب
(7:160:33)
kulū
"Eat
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:160:34)
min
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(7:160:35)
ṭayyibāti
(the) good things
N – genitive feminine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(7:160:36)

which
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(7:160:37)
razaqnākum
We have provided you."
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(7:160:38)
wamā
And not
REM – prefixed resumption particle
NEG – negative particle
الواو استئنافية
حرف نفي
(7:160:39)
ẓalamūnā
they wronged Us
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 1st person plural object pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(7:160:40)
walākin
but
REM – prefixed resumption particle
AMD – amendment particle
الواو استئنافية
حرف استدراك
(7:160:41)
kānū
they were
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «كان»
(7:160:42)
anfusahum
(to) themselves
N – accusative feminine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(7:160:43)
yaẓlimūna
doing wrong.
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:1)
wa-idh
And when
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
T – time adverb
الواو عاطفة
ظرف زمان
(7:161:2)
qīla
it was said
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(7:161:3)
lahumu
to them,
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:161:4)
us'kunū
"Live
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:5)
hādhihi
(in) this
DEM – feminine singular demonstrative pronoun
اسم اشارة
(7:161:6)
l-qaryata
city
N – accusative feminine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:161:7)
wakulū
and eat
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:8)
min'hā
from it
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:161:9)
ḥaythu
wherever
LOC – location adverb
ظرف مكان
(7:161:10)
shi'tum
you wish
V – 2nd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:11)
waqūlū
and say,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:12)
ḥiṭṭatun
"Repentance,"
N – nominative feminine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(7:161:13)
wa-ud'khulū
and enter
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(7:161:14)
l-bāba
the gate
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(7:161:15)
sujjadan
prostrating,
N – accusative masculine plural indefinite active participle
اسم منصوب
(7:161:16)
naghfir
We will forgive
V – 1st person plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(7:161:17)
lakum
for you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(7:161:18)
khaṭīātikum
your sins.
N – accusative feminine plural noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(7:161:19)
sanazīdu
We will increase (reward)
FUT – prefixed future particle sa
V – 1st person plural imperfect verb
حرف استقبال
فعل مضارع
(7:161:20)
l-muḥ'sinīna
(of) the good-doers."
N – accusative masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم منصوب
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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