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Verse (47:12) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (47) sūrat muḥammad

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(47:12:1)
inna
Indeed,
ACC – accusative particle
حرف نصب
(47:12:2)
l-laha
Allah
PN – accusative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة منصوب
(47:12:3)
yud'khilu
will admit
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(47:12:4)
alladhīna
those who
REL – masculine plural relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(47:12:5)
āmanū
believe
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(47:12:6)
waʿamilū
and do
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(47:12:7)
l-ṣāliḥāti
righteous deeds
N – genitive feminine plural active participle
اسم مجرور
(47:12:8)
jannātin
(to) Gardens,
N – genitive feminine plural indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(47:12:9)
tajrī
flow
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(47:12:10)
min
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(47:12:11)
taḥtihā
underneath it
N – genitive noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(47:12:12)
l-anhāru
the rivers,
N – nominative masculine plural noun
اسم مرفوع
(47:12:13)
wa-alladhīna
but those who
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
REL – masculine plural relative pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم موصول
(47:12:14)
kafarū
disbelieve
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(47:12:15)
yatamattaʿūna
they enjoy
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form V) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(47:12:16)
wayakulūna
and eat
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(47:12:17)
kamā
as
P – prefixed preposition ka
SUB – subordinating conjunction
جار ومجرور
(47:12:18)
takulu
eat
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(47:12:19)
l-anʿāmu
the cattle,
N – nominative masculine plural noun
اسم مرفوع
(47:12:20)
wal-nāru
and the Fire
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative feminine noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(47:12:21)
mathwan
(will be) an abode
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(47:12:22)
lahum
for them.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(47:13:1)
waka-ayyin
And how many
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(47:13:2)
min
of
P – preposition
حرف جر
(47:13:3)
qaryatin
a town,
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(47:13:4)
hiya
which
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(47:13:5)
ashaddu
(was) stronger
N – nominative masculine singular noun
اسم مرفوع
(47:13:6)
quwwatan
(in) strength
N – accusative feminine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(47:13:7)
min
than
P – preposition
حرف جر
(47:13:8)
qaryatika
your town
N – genitive feminine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(47:13:9)
allatī
which
REL – feminine singular relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(47:13:10)
akhrajatka
has driven you out?
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(47:13:11)
ahlaknāhum
We destroyed them,
V – 1st person plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(47:13:12)
falā
so no
REM – prefixed resumption particle
NEG – negative particle
الفاء استئنافية
حرف نفي
(47:13:13)
nāṣira
helper
N – accusative masculine active participle
اسم منصوب
(47:13:14)
lahum
for them.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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