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Verse (39:42) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(39:42:1)
al-lahu
Allah
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(39:42:2)
yatawaffā
takes
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form V) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
فعل مضارع منصوب
(39:42:3)
l-anfusa
the souls
N – accusative feminine plural noun
اسم منصوب
(39:42:4)
ḥīna
(at the) time
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(39:42:5)
mawtihā
(of) their death,
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(39:42:6)
wa-allatī
and the one who
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
REL – feminine singular relative pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم موصول
(39:42:7)
lam
(does) not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(39:42:8)
tamut
die
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(39:42:9)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(39:42:10)
manāmihā
their sleep.
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(39:42:11)
fayum'siku
Then He keeps
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
الفاء استئنافية
فعل مضارع
(39:42:12)
allatī
the one whom,
REL – feminine singular relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(39:42:13)
qaḍā
He has decreed
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(39:42:14)
ʿalayhā
for them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(39:42:15)
l-mawta
the death,
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(39:42:16)
wayur'silu
and sends
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع
(39:42:17)
l-ukh'rā
the others
N – nominative feminine singular noun
اسم مرفوع
(39:42:18)
ilā
for
P – preposition
حرف جر
(39:42:19)
ajalin
a term
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(39:42:20)
musamman
specified.
N – genitive masculine indefinite (form II) passive participle
اسم مجرور
(39:42:21)
inna
Indeed,
ACC – accusative particle
حرف نصب
(39:42:22)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(39:42:23)
dhālika
that
DEM – masculine singular demonstrative pronoun
اسم اشارة
(39:42:24)
laāyātin
surely (are) signs
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
N – genitive feminine plural indefinite noun
اللام لام التوكيد
اسم مجرور
(39:42:25)
liqawmin
for a people
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور
(39:42:26)
yatafakkarūna
who ponder.
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form V) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(39:43:1)
ami
Or
CONJ – coordinating conjunction
حرف عطف
(39:43:2)
ittakhadhū
have they taken
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VIII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(39:43:3)
min
besides
P – preposition
حرف جر
(39:43:4)
dūni
besides
N – genitive noun
اسم مجرور
(39:43:5)
l-lahi
Allah
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(39:43:6)
shufaʿāa
intercessors?
ADJ – accusative masculine plural adjective
صفة منصوبة
(39:43:7)
qul
Say,
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperative verb
فعل أمر
(39:43:8)
awalaw
"Even though
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
SUP – prefixed supplemental particle
COND – conditional particle
الهمزة همزة استفهام
الواو زائدة
حرف شرط
(39:43:9)
kānū
they were
V – 3rd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «كان»
(39:43:10)

not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(39:43:11)
yamlikūna
possessing
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(39:43:12)
shayan
anything,
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(39:43:13)
walā
and not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(39:43:14)
yaʿqilūna
they understand?"
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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