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Quran Dictionary - س ل ف

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The triliteral root sīn lām fā (س ل ف) occurs eight times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • five times as the form I verb salafa (سَلَفَ)
  • twice as the form IV verb aslafat (أَسْلَفَتْ)
  • once as the noun salaf (سَلَف)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to pass (before)

(2:275:34) salafa(has) passed فَمَنْ جَاءَهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ فَانْتَهَىٰ فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ
(4:22:11) salafapassed before وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ
(4:23:49) salafapassed before وَأَنْ تَجْمَعُوا بَيْنَ الْأُخْتَيْنِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ
(5:95:41) salafa(has) passed عَفَا اللَّهُ عَمَّا سَلَفَ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَيَنْتَقِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ
(8:38:10) salafa(is) past قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ يَنْتَهُوا يُغْفَرْ لَهُمْ مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ

Verb (form IV) - to do before, to send before

(10:30:6) aslafatit did previously هُنَالِكَ تَبْلُو كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَا أَسْلَفَتْ
(69:24:5) aslaftumyou sent before you كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا هَنِيئًا بِمَا أَسْلَفْتُمْ فِي الْأَيَّامِ الْخَالِيَةِ

Noun

(43:56:2) salafana precedent فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ سَلَفًا وَمَثَلًا لِلْآخِرِينَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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