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Quran Dictionary - م ك ن

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The triliteral root mīm kāf nūn (م ك ن) occurs 18 times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • 13 times as the form II verb makka (مَكَّ)
  • once as the form IV verb amkana (أَمْكَنَ)
  • four times as the nominal makīn (مَّكِين)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form II) - to establish

(6:6:9) makkannāhumWe had established them أَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ مِنْ قَرْنٍ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ
(6:6:14) numakkinWe (have) established مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَا لَمْ نُمَكِّنْ لَكُمْ
(7:10:2) makkannākumWe established you وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ
(12:21:16) makkannāWe established وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ
(12:56:2) makkannāWe established وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنْهَا حَيْثُ يَشَاءُ
(18:84:2) makkannā[We] established إِنَّا مَكَّنَّا لَهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَآتَيْنَاهُ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ سَبَبًا
(18:95:3) makkannīhas established me قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّي فِيهِ رَبِّي خَيْرٌ فَأَعِينُونِي بِقُوَّةٍ
(22:41:3) makkannāhumWe establish them الَّذِينَ إِنْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ
(24:55:16) walayumakkinannaand that He will surely establish وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ
(28:6:1) wanumakkinaAnd [We] establish وَنُمَكِّنَ لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ
(28:57:10) numakkinWe established أَوَلَمْ نُمَكِّنْ لَهُمْ حَرَمًا آمِنًا يُجْبَىٰ إِلَيْهِ ثَمَرَاتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ
(46:26:2) makkannāhumWe had established them وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِيمَا إِنْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِيهِ
(46:26:5) makkannākumWe have established you وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِيمَا إِنْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِيهِ

Verb (form IV) - to give power

(8:71:9) fa-amkanaSo He gave (you) power فَقَدْ خَانُوا اللَّهَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَأَمْكَنَ مِنْهُمْ

Nominal

(1) Adjective

(23:13:6) makīninfirm ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُطْفَةً فِي قَرَارٍ مَكِينٍ
(77:21:4) makīninsafe فَجَعَلْنَاهُ فِي قَرَارٍ مَكِينٍ
(81:20:6) makīninsecure ذِي قُوَّةٍ عِنْدَ ذِي الْعَرْشِ مَكِينٍ

(2) Noun

(12:54:13) makīnunfirmly established فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ قَالَ إِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ لَدَيْنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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