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Quran Dictionary - ف ج ر

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The triliteral root fā jīm rā (ف ج ر) occurs 24 times in the Quran, in nine derived forms:

  • twice as the form I verb yafjura (يَفْجُرَ)
  • six times as the form II verb fujjirat (فُجِّرَتْ)
  • once as the form V verb yatafajjaru (يَتَفَجَّرُ)
  • once as the form VII verb infajarat (ٱنفَجَرَتْ)
  • six times as the noun fajr (فَجْر)
  • once as the noun fujūr (فُجُور)
  • once as the active participle fājir (فَاجِر)
  • four times as the active participle fujjār (فُجَّار)
  • twice as the form II verbal noun tafjīr (تَفْجِير)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to give lie

(17:90:6) tafjurayou cause to gush forth وَقَالُوا لَنْ نُؤْمِنَ لَكَ حَتَّىٰ تَفْجُرَ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ يَنْبُوعًا
(75:5:4) liyafjurato give (the) lie بَلْ يُرِيدُ الْإِنْسَانُ لِيَفْجُرَ أَمَامَهُ

Verb (form II) - to cause gush

(17:91:8) fatufajjiraand cause to gush forth فَتُفَجِّرَ الْأَنْهَارَ خِلَالَهَا تَفْجِيرًا
(18:33:9) wafajjarnāAnd We caused to gush forth وَفَجَّرْنَا خِلَالَهُمَا نَهَرًا
(36:34:7) wafajjarnāand We caused to gush forth وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا جَنَّاتٍ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ وَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْعُيُونِ
(54:12:1) wafajjarnāAnd We caused to burst وَفَجَّرْنَا الْأَرْضَ عُيُونًا فَالْتَقَى الْمَاءُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ قَدْ قُدِرَ
(76:6:6) yufajjirūnahācausing it to gush forth عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا عِبَادُ اللَّهِ يُفَجِّرُونَهَا تَفْجِيرًا
(82:3:3) fujjiratare made to gush forth وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ

Verb (form V) - to gush forth

(2:74:16) yatafajjarugush forth وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْحِجَارَةِ لَمَا يَتَفَجَّرُ مِنْهُ الْأَنْهَارُ

Verb (form VII) - to gush forth

(2:60:9) fa-infajaratThen gushed forth فَانْفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا

Noun

(2:187:42) l-fajri[the] dawn وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ
(17:78:9) l-fajriat dawn أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَىٰ غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ
(17:78:12) l-fajri(at) the dawn إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا
(24:58:18) l-fajri(of) dawn مِنْ قَبْلِ صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُمْ مِنَ الظَّهِيرَةِ
(89:1:1) wal-fajriBy the dawn وَالْفَجْرِ
(97:5:5) l-fajri(of) the dawn سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

Noun

(91:8:2) fujūrahā(to distinguish) its wickedness فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

Active participle

(71:27:9) fājirana wicked إِنَّكَ إِنْ تَذَرْهُمْ يُضِلُّوا عِبَادَكَ وَلَا يَلِدُوا إِلَّا فَاجِرًا كَفَّارًا

Active participle

(1) Noun

(38:28:13) kal-fujārilike the wicked أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الْمُتَّقِينَ كَالْفُجَّارِ
(82:14:2) l-fujārathe wicked وَإِنَّ الْفُجَّارَ لَفِي جَحِيمٍ
(83:7:4) l-fujāri(of) the wicked كَلَّا إِنَّ كِتَابَ الْفُجَّارِ لَفِي سِجِّينٍ

(2) Adjective

(80:42:4) l-fajaratuthe wicked ones أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَفَرَةُ الْفَجَرَةُ

Verbal noun (form II)

(17:91:11) tafjīranabundantly فَتُفَجِّرَ الْأَنْهَارَ خِلَالَهَا تَفْجِيرًا
(76:6:7) tafjīranabundantly عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا عِبَادُ اللَّهِ يُفَجِّرُونَهَا تَفْجِيرًا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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