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Quran Dictionary - ع و ن

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The triliteral root ʿayn wāw nūn (ع و ن) occurs 11 times in the Quran, in five derived forms:

  • twice as the form IV verb aʿāna (أَعَانَ)
  • twice as the form VI verb taʿāwanu (تَعَاوَنُ)
  • four times as the form X verb is'taʿīnu (ٱسْتَعِينُ)
  • once as the noun ʿawān (عَوَان)
  • twice as the form X passive participle mus'taʿān (مُسْتَعَان)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form IV) - to help

(18:95:7) fa-aʿīnūnībut assist me قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّي فِيهِ رَبِّي خَيْرٌ فَأَعِينُونِي بِقُوَّةٍ
(25:4:9) wa-aʿānahuand helped him إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا إِفْكٌ افْتَرَاهُ وَأَعَانَهُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمٌ آخَرُونَ

Verb (form VI) - to help

(5:2:38) wataʿāwanūAnd help one another وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ
(5:2:43) taʿāwanūhelp one another وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ

Verb (form X) - to seek help

(1:5:4) nastaʿīnuwe ask for help إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
(2:45:1) wa-is'taʿīnūAnd seek help وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ
(2:153:4) is'taʿīnūSeek help اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ
(7:128:4) is'taʿīnūSeek help قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِ اسْتَعِينُوا بِاللَّهِ وَاصْبِرُوا

Noun

(2:68:18) ʿawānunmiddle aged قَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ لَا فَارِضٌ وَلَا بِكْرٌ عَوَانٌ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ

Passive participle (form X)

(12:18:15) l-mus'taʿānu(is) the One sought for help فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللَّهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ
(21:112:7) l-mus'taʿānuthe One Whose help is sought قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَٰنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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