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Quran Dictionary - ع ش ر

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The triliteral root ʿayn shīn rā (ع ش ر) occurs 27 times in the Quran, in 11 derived forms:

  • once as the form III verb ʿāshiru (عَاشِرُ)
  • once as the noun ʿishār (عِشَار)
  • four times as the noun ʿashar (عَشَر)
  • seven times as the nominal ʿashr (عَشْر)
  • once as the noun ʿish'rūn (عِشْرُون)
  • twice as the noun ʿasharat (عَشَرَة)
  • three times as the noun ʿashrat (عَشْرَة)
  • once as the noun ʿashīr (عَشِير)
  • three times as the noun ʿashīrat (عَشِيرَت)
  • once as the noun miʿ'shār (مِعْشَار)
  • three times as the noun maʿshar (مَعْشَر)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form III) - to live

(4:19:22) waʿāshirūhunnaAnd live with them وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ

Noun

(81:4:2) l-ʿishāruthe full-term she-camels وَإِذَا الْعِشَارُ عُطِّلَتْ

Noun

(5:12:10) ʿashara(and) ten وَبَعَثْنَا مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا
(9:36:7) ʿashara(is) twelve إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ
(12:4:9) ʿasharaeleven إِذْ قَالَ يُوسُفُ لِأَبِيهِ يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوْكَبًا
(74:30:3) ʿasharateen عَلَيْهَا تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ

Nominal

(1) Noun

(2:234:10) waʿashranand ten (days) يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنْفُسِهِنَّ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَعَشْرًا
(6:160:5) ʿashru(is) ten (times) مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا
(7:142:6) biʿashrinwith ten (more) وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَىٰ ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ
(11:13:6) biʿashriten أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِثْلِهِ مُفْتَرَيَاتٍ
(28:27:16) ʿashranten فَإِنْ أَتْمَمْتَ عَشْرًا فَمِنْ عِنْدِكَ

(2) Time adverb

(20:103:6) ʿashranten يَتَخَافَتُونَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِنْ لَبِثْتُمْ إِلَّا عَشْرًا

(3) Adjective

(89:2:2) ʿashrinten وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ

Noun

(8:65:10) ʿish'rūnatwenty إِنْ يَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ عِشْرُونَ صَابِرُونَ يَغْلِبُوا مِائَتَيْنِ

Noun

(2:196:57) ʿasharatun(is) ten (days) تِلْكَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ
(5:89:14) ʿasharati(of) ten فَكَفَّارَتُهُ إِطْعَامُ عَشَرَةِ مَسَاكِينَ

Noun

(2:60:12) ʿashratatwelve فَقُلْنَا اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانْفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا
(7:160:3) ʿashrata(and) ten [i.e. twelve] وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا
(7:160:19) ʿashrata(and) ten [i.e. twelve] أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا

Noun

(22:13:10) l-ʿashīrufriend لَبِئْسَ الْمَوْلَىٰ وَلَبِئْسَ الْعَشِيرُ

Noun

(9:24:8) waʿashīratukumand your relatives قُلْ إِنْ كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمْ
(26:214:2) ʿashīratakayour kindred وَأَنْذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ
(58:22:21) ʿashīratahumtheir kindred وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ

Noun

(34:45:7) miʿ'shāraa tenth وَكَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَمَا بَلَغُوا مِعْشَارَ مَا آتَيْنَاهُمْ

Noun

(6:128:4) yāmaʿshara(and will say), "O assembly وَيَوْمَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ جَمِيعًا يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ قَدِ اسْتَكْثَرْتُمْ مِنَ الْإِنْسِ
(6:130:1) yāmaʿsharaO assembly يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِنْكُمْ
(55:33:1) yāmaʿsharaO assembly يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَنْ تَنْفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَارِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانْفُذُوا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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