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Quran Dictionary - ذ ب ح

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The triliteral root dhāl bā ḥā (ذ ب ح) occurs nine times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • five times as the form I verb dhubiḥa (ذُبِحَ)
  • three times as the form II verb yudhabbiḥu (يُذَبِّحُ)
  • once as the noun dhib'ḥ (ذِبْح)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to slaughter, to sacrifice

(2:67:9) tadhbaḥūyou slaughter وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تَذْبَحُوا بَقَرَةً
(2:71:21) fadhabaḥūhāSo they slaughtered it قَالُوا الْآنَ جِئْتَ بِالْحَقِّ فَذَبَحُوهَا وَمَا كَادُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
(5:3:23) dhubiḥais sacrificed وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ
(27:21:5) laādh'baḥannahuI will surely slaughter him لَأُعَذِّبَنَّهُ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا أَوْ لَأَذْبَحَنَّهُ أَوْ لَيَأْتِيَنِّي بِسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍ
(37:102:12) adhbaḥukasacrificing you يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَىٰ فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانْظُرْ مَاذَا تَرَىٰ

Verb (form II) - to slaughter

(2:49:9) yudhabbiḥūnaslaughtering يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ
(14:6:17) wayudhabbiḥūnaand were slaughtering يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ وَيُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ
(28:4:12) yudhabbiḥuslaughtering يَسْتَضْعِفُ طَائِفَةً مِنْهُمْ يُذَبِّحُ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيِي نِسَاءَهُمْ

Noun

(37:107:2) bidhib'ḥinwith a sacrifice وَفَدَيْنَاهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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