The triliteral root shīn fā qāf (ش ف ق) occurs 11 times in the Quran, in three derived forms:
twice as the form IV verb ashfaq (أَشْفَقْ)
once as the noun shafaq (شَّفَق)
eight times as the form IV active participle mush'fiqūn (مُشْفِقُون)
The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.